Council of Nuevo Baztán
Welcome to every one who wishes to learn about the natural and cultural heritage located in the territory of Nuevo Baztán, going across the routes that are presented below.
Nuevo Baztán was stablished in an exceptional geographical setting, surrounded by a highly remarkable landscape. Its nearby region has its backbone in the Vega stream (tributary of the Tajuña river at its mid course), being the main communication link between Nuevo Baztán and the adjacent villages(Pezuela de la Torres, Olmeda de las Fuentes, Villar del Olmo and Ambite) due to the high number of existing paths and gullies. Along with the presence of the Vega valley, Nuevo Baztán features a location in the border of a high moorland, in the so called “Alcarria madrileña”, which allows an easy connection with other open country villages as Pozuelo del Rey or Campo Real.
We really hope that these routes will catch the sensibility of those who cover them, making them a part of its recent history by visiting the remains of old buildings and of the enviromental wealth that these lands still possess…
The dreamed industrial city
The 18th century was barely started, when Juan de Goyeneche set his eye on a quiet region placed close to Tajuña river. So interested he was, that he started to buy properties and privileges in several villages of this area, as Olmeda de las Fuentes -fountains- (known as Olmeda de las Cebollas -onions- by that time), Villar del Olmo, Pezuela de las Torres and also Corpa. Amidst all this villages there was no settlement yet, but things were about to change, and Nuevo Baztan soon was going to be founded.
The place chosen to build Nuevo Baztán features a privileged location, near to the spanish capital, and comprising at the same time remarkable natural resources. These were the reasons that led Goyeneche to stablish his dreamed industrial city, following the teaching of french colbertism. A palatial residence was built for him and his family, as well as a small urban area where officers and workers had their accomodation. This was one of the first industrial complexes developed in Spain.
In 1713, His Magesty Felipe V gave Goyeneche the Foundation Document for the place of Nuevo Baztán, authorizing to separate the lands from the councils who owned them before. The architect José de Churriguera was put in charge of building the palace and the church attached to it, both placed in the central square of the village. The blocks occupied by officials, workers and workshops are distributed to the north and to the south of the central square.
In parallel to the building of the settlement, Goyeneche started several manufactures.
The main one was the wool clothes manufacture, aimed to tailor the spanish 18th century battledress. The whole process of manufacturing the wool clothes involves different stages, which means that different installations were built in the village as well as in the surroundings. Simultaneously, some other parallel manufactures were developed. For instance, silk stockings, hats and suede clothes were manufactured in Nuevo Baztán to provide the troops with accesories.
Apart from that, Goyeneche started a glass factory and a distillery, which produced the so called Licor de Hendaya.